ETHNIC MINORITIES VIETNAM
Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government), each with its own language, lifestyle, and cultural heritage. Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively in the West as Montagnard or Degar. The largest ethnic groups are: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Tai Ethnic 1.7%, Mường 1.5%, Khmer Krom (Khơ Me Crộm) 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nùng 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census). The Vietnamese term for ethnic group is người thiểu số or dân tộc thiểu số (literally "minority people") [source: Wkikipadia]
22 imagesThe Black Hmong are dressed in clothing dyed black with indigo. They are believed to have migrated to northern Vietnam from China late 1700 and are descendants of the Miao people who fled China. Their Chinese name ‘Miao’ meaning ‘barbarian’ the word “H’mong” means ‘free people’.
20 imagesThe Flower H’mong’ are one of the numerous sub groups of the H'mong ethnic group, originally from southern China. The live widely scattered across Southeast Asia and Southern China and there are linguistic divisions between different groups. H’mong sub-groups are generally identified by the predominant colour and designs of their traditional and extremely colourful costumes.
9 imagesThe Red Yao (also Dzao or Dao) originated from China and migrated to Vietnam around the 12th or 13th century but continue to do so till today. The largest migration took place during the Minh dynasty, due to drought, failed crops and to escape China’s feudalism.. They mixed with the local culture in Vietnam, resulting in a very diverse Dao culture. However, the different groups still maintain a common Dao identity, as they have the same origins and continue to share a common language. They wear embroidered trousers and jacket as well as a bright red headscarf sometimes decorated with tassels or bells. Most women shave off their eyebrows as a sign of beauty.